Global Ag News for May 23.22
TODAY – U.S. Cattle on Feed Rose to 11.97M Head on May 1
Wheat prices overnight are up 26 1/4 in SRW, up 25 1/2 in HRW, up 20 1/4 in HRS; Corn is up 5 1/4; Soybeans up 9 1/4; Soymeal down $0.14; Soyoil up 1.06.
Markets finished last week with wheat prices down 52 1/4 in SRW, down 73 3/4 in HRW, down 85 3/4 in HRS; Corn is down 25 1/2; Soybeans up 58 1/4; Soymeal up $1.49; Soyoil down 1.00.
For the month to date wheat prices are up 139 1/4 in SRW, up 172 1/2 in HRW, up 133 1/4 in HRS; Corn is down 29 1/2; Soybeans up 29 3/4; Soymeal down $3.80; Soyoil down 2.19.
Year-To-Date nearby futures are up 55% in SRW, up 59% in HRW, up 32% in HRS; Corn is up 32%; Soybeans up 29%; Soymeal up 4%; Soyoil up 46%.
Chinese Ag futures (SEP 22) Soybeans up 17 yuan; Soymeal up 40; Soyoil up 160; Palm oil up 246; Corn down 5 — Malaysian palm oil prices overnight were up 159 ringgit (+2.60%) at 6268.
There were changes in registrations (-6 Soymeal, ). Registration total: 1,010 SRW Wheat contracts; 23 Oats; 0 Corn; 0 Soybeans; 98 Soyoil; 0 Soymeal; 139 HRW Wheat.
Preliminary changes in futures Open Interest as of May 20 were: SRW Wheat down 1,199 contracts, HRW Wheat up 40, Corn up 1,361, Soybeans down 1,165, Soymeal down 608, Soyoil up 2,787.
Northern Plains Forecast: Another system will bring more showers on Monday and a system will bring more over the weekend and possibly next week. The planting process is likely to remain slow, though some areas are likely to see enough drying to get out and plant.
Central/Southern Plains Forecast: Scattered showers Monday-Tuesday, south Wednesday. Mostly dry Thursday-Friday. Temperatures below to well below normal through Wednesday, near to below normal Thursday, near to above normal Friday. Outlook: Isolated showers Saturday-Wednesday. Temperatures near to above normal Saturday-Sunday, near to below normal north and above normal south Monday-Tuesday, near to below normal Wednesday.
Western Midwest Forecast: Mostly dry Monday. Scattered showers Tuesday-Wednesday. Mostly dry Thursday. Isolated showers Friday. Temperatures below normal through Thursday, near to above normal Friday.
Eastern Midwest Forecast: Mostly dry Monday. Scattered showers Tuesday night-Thursday. Mostly dry Friday. Temperatures near to below normal Monday-Tuesday, near to above normal Wednesday-Friday. Outlook: Isolated to scattered showers Saturday-Wednesday. Temperatures near to above normal Saturday-Tuesday, below normal west and above normal east Wednesday.
Canadian Prairies Forecast: Isolated showers through Wednesday. Temperatures near to below normal through Wednesday. Isolated showers Thursday. Scattered showers Friday. Temperatures near to below normal Thursday-Friday. Outlook: Scattered showers Saturday-Sunday. Mostly dry Monday-Wednesday. Temperatures near to below normal Saturday, below to well below normal Sunday-Tuesday, near to above normal Wednesday.
Brazil Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Rio Grande do Sul and Parana: Mostly dry through Tuesday. Scattered showers Wednesday-Friday. Temperatures near normal Monday, near to above normal Tuesday-Friday. Mato Grosso, MGDS and southern Goias: Mostly dry through Friday. Temperatures near normal Monday, near to above normal Tuesday-Friday.
Argentina Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Cordoba, Santa Fe, Northern Buenos Aires: Isolated showers Monday-Wednesday. Mostly dry Thursday-Friday. Temperatures near to above normal Monday-Tuesday, near to below normal Wednesday, below normal Thursday-Friday. La Pampa, Southern Buenos Aires: Isolated showers Monday-Wednesday. Mostly dry Thursday-Friday. Temperatures near to above normal Monday, near to below normal Tuesday, below to well below normal Wednesday-Friday.
The player sheet for 5/20 had funds: net sellers of 10,500 contracts of SRW wheat, sellers of 5,500 corn, sellers of 4,000 soybeans, buyers of 2,000 soymeal, and buyers of 3,500 soyoil.
- BARLEY TENDER: Jordan’s state grains buyer has issued a new international tender to purchase 120,000 tonnes of animal feed barley
- RICE TENDER: Egypt’s state grains buyer the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC) is seeking at least 25,000 tonnes of white rice in a tender-practice on the account of the Holding Company for Food Industries. GASC set the arrival date for July 1-31 and Aug. 1-31.
- WHEAT TENDER: Bangladesh’s state grains buyer has issued an international tender to purchase 50,000 tonnes of milling wheat
- WHEAT TENDER: Jordan’s state grain buyer has issued an international tender to buy 120,000 tonnes of milling wheat which can be sourced from optional origins
- WHEAT TENDER: A government agency in Pakistan has issued an international tender to purchase and import 500,000 tonnes of wheat
- CORN TENDER: Turkey’s state grain board TMO has issued an international tender to purchase and import a total of 175,000 tonnes of animal feed corn
- WHEAT TENDER: Bangladesh’s state grains buyer has issued an international tender to purchase 50,000 tonnes of milling wheat
Egypt procures more than 2.5 mln T of local wheat in harvest so far -official
Egypt has procured more than 2.5 million tonnes of wheat during the local harvest season, an Agriculture Ministry official told Reuters on Saturday.
The world’s largest grain importer aims to procure between five and six million tonnes of the local harvest, which typically runs until July or August, said Abbas al-Shennawi, head of the ministry’s services and follow-up sector.
Egypt has strategic wheat reserves sufficient for 4.1 months -minister
Egypt, often the world’s top wheat importer, has strategic wheat reserves sufficient for 4.1 months, supply minister Ali Moselhy said on Saturday.
Egypt’s wheat imports, usually secured through tenders, have been thrown into doubt by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, due to Cairo’s heavy dependence on Black Sea wheat.
Last week, Moselhy said Egypt was currently focused on collecting wheat from the local harvest, which typically runs until July or August, rather than imports.
China makes 10 bln yuan available to subsidise grain growers
China’s central government has made available 10 billion yuan ($1.49 billion) for “one-off” subsidies to support individuals and companies involved in grain cultivation and production, according to a statement published on Sunday by the country’s Ministry of Finance.
The subsidies aim to support grain growers during the summer and autumn harvest and sowing period, to alleviate any impact of rising costs and to “further mobilise farmers’ enthusiasm” for cultivating grain, the statement said.
The announcement comes at a time when China’s farmers are grappling with high fertiliser prices, which have soared globally since last year.
The upcoming wheat harvest in China will be closely watched after heavy rain last fall left crops in a poor state before winter.
Beijing has refocused on grain security, a top policy priority that has become increasingly prominent since the COVID-19 pandemic began in early 2020 and even more so since the start of the war in grain-producing powerhouse Ukraine in late February.
Ukraine grain exports could reach 1.5 mln tonnes in May – analyst
Ukraine’s grain exports could reach 1.5 million tonnes in May compared with around 1 million tonnes in April, Roman Slaston, Director General of the Ukrainian Agrarian Business Club Association, said on Monday.
He told a briefing that the near-term aim was to increase the volume to 3 million tonnes per month. He put the rise in exports down to the establishment of alternative routes to export grain after Russia blocked Ukraine’s main sea ports.
EU Animal Feed Production Expected to Shrink in 2022: FEFAC
Pig and poultry producers in Europe are likely to cut back this year because of high feed costs, declining demand and bird-flu outbreaks, animal-feed manufacturers’ group FEFAC says in a note.
- Pig feed production seen down 4.2%, poultry down 3% and cattle down 1.6%
- Overall, compound feed production expected to decline 2.9% y/y
- Loss of corn, sunflower meal and other feed ingredients from Ukraine and Russia might only be partially compensated by increased imports from the US and Canada
- “Key logistical challenges are persisting on how to move existing grain stocks out of Ukraine and will continue to impact market availability in the new marketing year”
Argentina President Backs Ag Export-Tax Hike, Needs Congress
Argentina’s President Alberto Fernandez plans to ask opposition politicians to back an increase in agriculture export taxes in a bid to curb inflation at home amid global food price rallies, he said in an interview with Radio con Vos
- “The problem exists and we have to resolve it. We have to put the solution on the table and see what the opposition says”
- “The best tool to decouple local and international food prices is export taxes”
- “Export taxes are a legislative issue. I need congress to understand the problem and, should we go down that road, join me in making that sort of decision”
- Agriculture Minister Julian Dominguez later tweeted that the government has no plans to hike export taxes or send a bill to congress seeking increases
Indonesia’s April Palm Oil Exports -4.8% M/m: Intertek
Indonesia exported 1.69m tons of palm oil in April, a 4.8% decrease from the previous month, according to surveyor Intertek Testing Services in an emailed statement on Monday.
- April shipments by grade:
- 60,980 tons of crude palm oil
- 547,213 tons of RBD palm olein
- 494,923 tons of RBD palm oil
- April sales by destination:
- European Union at 405,620 tons
- India and subcontinent at 427,435 tons
- China at 173,032 tons
Brazil’s Mild Frost Caused Minimal Impact So Far: Meteorologists
Frost and freezing conditions occurred in southern Brazil this morning, with most of the hard freezes in Santa Catarina and parts of Rio Grande do Sul, according to World Weather Inc.
- Lighter freezes occurred in southern Parana, mostly wheat country, and frost in parts of Sul de Minas, with minimal impact
- Most lows were 2C-6C (36F-43F)
- “There was weak and occasional frost, a situation far from what was observed last year,” Climatempo says in bulletin
- Polar air mass spurring steep decline in temperatures this week caused frost, “so far in smaller scale, over areas of Parana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Goias and even Mato Grosso,” said Marco Antonio dos Santos, owner and agricultural meteorologist at Rural Clima
- Coffee, sugar cane, corn, vegetables and cotton were the most affected, he says
- “We believe that the damage is more localized and not strong enough to reduce the national production”
- Farmers generating heat to avoid frost damage in coffee crops in Campos Altos, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
- Temperatures will remain similar Friday into Saturday with a couple of locations in Parana about a degree or two lower: World Weather
- NOTE: Minas Gerais is top coffee producing state; Sao Paulo is the largest for sugarcane and oranges, and Parana is the 2nd-biggest corn producer and an important producer of sweetener and ethanol, Mato Grosso do Sul is the 3rd-biggest corn producer
EPA, Ethanol Lobby Reach Settlement on Deadline for 2023 RVO
EPA is set to seek public feedback on a potential settlement that would require the agency to propose 2023 biofuel mandate rules no later than Sept. 16, 2022, and finalize them no later than April 28, 2023, according to ethanol lobby Growth Energy.
- “Securing a deadline for the 2023 RVO is a significant victory in our mission to ensure certainty when it comes to biofuel blending, especially as we face a new era of the RFS,” said Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor said in a statement on Friday
- NOTE: Growth Energy had filed a complaint in US federal district court challenging EPA’s delay in setting renewable fuel standards
- NOTE: Federal law already requires most biofuel-blending targets to be established by Nov. 30 of the preceding year, but the deadline has been met inconsistently under multiple administrations
SOYBEAN/CEPEA: Dollar depreciates and presses down quotations in BR; international prices rise
Soybean sales have been low in the Brazilian market this week, and prices are weak. This scenario is linked to the dollar depreciation against the Real, which makes the American commodities more attractive to importers rather than the Brazilian product. The dollar dropped by a steep 4.5% between May 12 and 19, closing at BRL 4.914 on Thursday, 19.
In Brazil, devaluations were limited by price rises abroad and increases in the export premiums. Between May 12 and 19, the CEPEA/ESALQ Index Paraná decreased by 0.2%, closing at BRL 190.41 (USD 38.75) per 60-kilo bag on Thursday, 19. The ESALQ/BM&FBovespa – Paranaguá (PR) increased by 0.2% to BRL 194.90 (USD 39.66) per 60-kilo bag on Thursday. On the average of the regions surveyed by Cepea, prices rose by 0.1% in the over-the-counter market (paid to farmers) and by 0.5% in the wholesale market (deals between processors).
Brazilian consumers expect supply to increase in the coming weeks, based on the low volume of the 2021/22 traded and on the nearness of the corn harvesting, which may encourage farmers to sell part of the remaining from the 2021/22 soybean crop in order to make room in warehouses.
BY-PRODUCTS – Agents from Brazilian processors were not interested in purchasing large amounts of soybean in the last days because the demand for by-products has decreased. This context reduced the “crush margin”.
CROPS – The harvesting of the 2021/22 soybean crop is coming to an end in Brazil. According to Conab, 96.8% of the crop had been harvested by May 14.
CORN/CEPEA: Brazilian agents resume being optimistic about the 2nd crop
Despite the arrival of a severe cold front to Brazil this week, only some of the corn-producing regions in Paraná, Mato Grosso do Sul and Minas Gerais were hit by frosts. However, according to agents, crops have not been badly damaged. Thus, the agents consulted by Cepea have been more optimistic about the second crop of corn.
On the other hand, the farmers in Mato Grosso have been concerned about the lack of rains in the State. According to Aprosoja, the output in MT is estimated to be 10% lower than that initially forecast. Still, corn production is expected to be 20% higher than that last season in MT, totaling 39 million tons, according to Imea.
As for sales, liquidity has been low this week, since agents are concerned about the effects of the bad weather on crops. In general, some purchasers reported to have stocks and to be waiting for the harvesting of the second crop. Sellers stayed away from the spot market, focused on crops. Brazilian agents have also been watching out for corn sowing in the United States, which is late compared to that in previous years.
PRICES – Between 12 and 19, corn prices increased by 1.4% in the over-the-counter market (paid to farmers) and by 1.1% in the wholesale market (deals between processors), on the average of the regions surveyed by Cepea. The ESALQ/BM&FBovespa Index for corn (Campinas, SP) rose by 3.3%, to BRL 89.23 (USD 18.16) per 60-kilo bag on Thursday, 19.
CROPS – In spite of the cold weather and the possible effects of the recent frosts on corn crops, famers continued to harvest the summer crop of corn in southern Brazil in the last days. According to Conab, 80% of the Brazilian crop had been harvested by May 14. As for the second crop, the harvesting has begun in some areas in Mato Grosso.
Baltic index gains for sixth week on stronger vessel rates
The Baltic Exchange’s main sea freight index .BADI rose on Friday to gain for a sixth consecutive week on stronger vessel rates across segments.
The overall index, which factors in rates for capesize, panamax, supramax and handysize shipping vessels, gained 55 points, or 1.7%, to 3,344 points. It rose 7.7% for the week.
The capesize index rose 141 points, or 3.2%, to 4,526 points. The index rose for a sixth straight week, up 14.7%.
Average daily earnings for capesizes, which typically transport 150,000-tonne cargoes such as iron ore and coal, were up $1,170 at $37,538.
The panamax index was up 12 points, or 0.4%, at 3,382 points. The segment rose for a third consecutive week, gaining 3%.
Average daily earnings for panamaxes, which usually carry coal or grain cargoes of about 60,000 to 70,000 tonnes, increased $114 to $30,440.
The supramax index rose 16 points to 2,816 points, and gained 2.3% this week.
Alberta crop report
Crop Conditions as of May 17, 2022 Precipitation over the past week has been variable across the province, with many areas receiving less than one millimetre of rain, especially in the South Region which is in desperate need of moisture. Rain in the forecast this week will help to moderate dry conditions. However, timely precipitation will still be needed in the coming weeks to sustain plant growth. The below seasonal temperatures for the next week will minimize water evaporation and plant moisture demand, but will lead to slower growth.
Over the past week, seeding progress advanced by 26 per cent provincially. As of May 17, about 49 per cent of all crops have been seeded, below the 5-year average of 55 per cent, and 10-year average of 61 per cent (see Table 1). Regionally, seeding progress is ahead of the 5-year average for the South and Central Regions (see Figure 1) but below average in the North East, North West and Peace Regions. Among regions, the Central Region reported the most progress over the past week at 36 per cent, followed by the North East, South and North West Regions with 34, 24 and 19 per cent progress, respectively. Seeding progress in the Peace Region advanced only two per cent.
Fertilizer Demand, Prices Slip as Growers Focus on Planting
US urea, phosphate and potash prices remain pressured due to delayed spring weather, which finally enabled heavy planting. The late start may shorten the application window for ammonia. India tendered for 1.7 million tons of urea and its entrance marks a likely 2Q floor price.
North American Fertilizer Prices Pressured
North American fertilizer prices were weakening as fieldwork shifts from pre-plant application to brisk spring planting. Compared with the prior week, New Orleans (NOLA) barge prices were down roughly $10-$15 a short ton (st) for urea, ammonium sulfate and potash, with similar declines reported at terminals in the Corn Belt and Southern Plains. While NOLA phosphate prices were mostly unchanged, inland terminals remained under pressure, and phosphate export prices dropped significantly at the US Gulf.
International pricing was mixed. With China and Russia largely out of the current export picture, the 1.7 million metric tons of urea awarded in India’s latest tender will primarily come from the Arab Gulf, giving a boost to Egypt urea prices. Brazil urea prices, by contrast, continued to soften amid slow demand.
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